Auschwitz I - Nazi German concentration and extermination camp
Auschwitz / Auschwitz Birkenau - Nazi German concentration and extermination camp, founded by the SS in April 1940 in the city of Oświęcim (about 30 km from Katowice/ 70 km from Krakow). Initially, it functioned as a concentration camp for Polish prisoners - intelligentsia, enemies of the Nazi system. At its peak, Auschwitz I hosted up to 20,000 prisoners.
History, victims, torturers, commanders, photos, articles - at the link below.